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As part of the submission process, authors are required to check off their submission's compliance with all of the following items, and submissions may be returned to authors that do not adhere to these guidelines.

  • The submission has not been previously published, nor is it before another journal for consideration (or an explanation has been provided in Comments to the Editor).
  • The submission file is in OpenOffice, Microsoft Word, or RTF document file format.
  • Where available, URLs for the references have been provided.
  • The text is single-spaced; uses a 12-point font; employs italics, rather than underlining (except with URL addresses); and all illustrations, figures, and tables are placed within the text at the appropriate points, rather than at the end.
  • The text adheres to the stylistic and bibliographic requirements outlined in the Author Guidelines.

Article Types

The Editor welcomes scientific articles in the following categories:

Full Length Original Articles

Original articles are a maximum of 4,000 words, ex- clusive of a 250-word unstructured abstract, figures, tables, and references. We are particularly interested in studies that utilise patient related outcomes, focus- ing on clinical and policy applications of Military Medi- cine research; showcasing quantitative and qualitative methodological advances.

Brief Communications

Brief communications are a maximum of 1,500 words, exclusive of a 200-word unstructured abstract, up to 2 figures, up to 3 tables, and 25 references. Any topic can be submitted as a brief communication.

Other Types of Articles

The journal also publishes commentaries and editori- als; reviews of the literature; reviews of recent books advances; and abstracts presented at the annual meeting of the Malaysian Armed Forces Health Ser- vices conference. These articles should be as long as needed to convey the desired information, and no more than 4,000 words in length. To the extent that it is possible, a unstructured abstract is appreciated.


Please provide a unstructured abstract of 150 to 250 words which should include description of the study pur- pose (stating the main purposes and research question), methods, results and conclusions.


Please provide 4 to 6 keywords which can be used for indexing purposes.

Text Formating

Manuscripts should be submitted in Microsoft Word format:

Use a normal, plain font (e.g., 12 point Times New Roman) for text. Use italics for emphasis.

Use the automatic page numbering function to num- ber the pages. Do not use field functions.

Use tab stops or other commands for indents, not the space bar.

Use the table function, not spreadsheets, to make tables.

Use the equation editor or MathType for equations.

Save your file in docx format (Word 2007 or higher) or doc format (older Word versions).


We appreciate any efforts that you make to ensure that the language usage is corrected before submission using standard United States or United Kingdom English.

Manuscript Submission

Submission of a manuscript implies: that the work de- scribed has not been published before; that it is not un- der consideration for publication anywhere else; that its publication has been approved by all coauthors, if any, as well as by the responsible authorities tacitly or explicitly at the institute where the work has been carried out. The publisher will not be held legally responsible should there be any claims for compensation.


Authors wishing to include figures, tables, or text passages that have already been published elsewhere are required to obtain permission from the copyright owner(s) for both the print and online format and to include evidence that such permission has been granted when submitting their papers. Any material received without such evidence will be assumed to originate from the authors.

Title Page

The title page should include:

The name(s) of the author(s)

A concise and informative title

The affiliation(s) and address(es) of the author(s) • The email address, and telephone number(s) of the corresponding author


Please use no more than three levels of displayed headings.


Abbreviations should be defined at first mention and used consistently thereafter.


Footnotes can be used to give additional information, which may include the citation of a reference included in the reference list. They should not consist solely of a reference citation, and they should never include the bib- liographic details of a reference. They should also not contain any figures or tables.

Footnotes to the text are numbered consecutively; those to tables should be indicated by superscript lowercase letters (or asterisks for significance values and other sta- tistical data). Footnotes to the title or the authors of the article are not given reference symbols.

Always use footnotes instead of endnotes.


Acknowledgments of people, grants, funds, etc. should be placed in a separate section on the title page. The names of funding organizations should be written in full.


Reference citations in the text should be identified by au- thors name in brackets. This journal uses modified Harvard style formatting for its citation.

Reference List

The list of references should only include works that are cited in the text and that have been published or accept- ed for publication. Personal communications and unpub- lished works should only be mentioned in the text. Do not use footnotes or endnotes as a substitute for a reference list.

The entries in the list should be arranged consecutively as per modified Harvard style format; all citations, or ref- erences, are listed in numerical order by first mentioned.


1. Spreer, P., Rauschnabel, P.A. Selling with technology: Understanding the resistance to mobile sales assistant use in retailing. Journal of Personal Selling & Sales Man- agement, 36(3), 240-263. doi:10.1080/08853134.2016.12 08100


Tables submitted to be included in the manuscript must:

All tables are to be numbered using Arabic numerals.

Tables should always be cited in text in consecutive numerical order.

For each table, please supply a table caption (title) explaining the components of the table.

Identify any previously published material by giving the original source in the form of a reference at the end of the table caption.

Footnotes to tables should be indicated by superscript lowercase letters (or asterisks for significance values and other statistical data) and included beneath the table body.


All figures must:

Be numbered using Arabic numerals.

Figures should always be cited in text in consecutive numerical order.

Figure parts should be denoted by lowercase letters (a, b, c, etc.).

If an appendix appears in your article and it contains one or more figures, continue the consecu- tive numbering of the main text. Do not number the appendix figures.

Each figure should have a concise caption de- scribing accurately what the figure depicts. Include the captions in the text file of the manu- script, not in the figure file.

Figure captions begin with the term Figure. in bold type, followed by the figure number, also in bold type.

Figures should be submitted separately from the text, if possible.

Compliance With Ethical Standards

To ensure objectivity and transparency in research and to ensure that accepted principles of ethical and profession- al conduct have been followed, authors should include information regarding sources of funding, potential con- flicts of interest (financial or nonfinancial), informed con- sent if the research involved human participants, and a statement on welfare of animals if the research involved animals.

Authors should include the following statements (if ap- plicable) in a separate section entitled “Compliance with Ethical Standards” when submitting a paper.

Disclosure of potential conflicts of interest.

Research involving Human Participants and/or

Animals .

Informed consent.